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Ajax请求和Filter配合案例详解

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发表于 2020-6-3 14:30 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本文主要介绍了Ajax请求和Filter配合案例解析的,本文给大家介绍的非常详细,具有参考借鉴加载,需要的朋友可以参考下,希望能帮助到大家。

案例引入

现在有这样一个问题,就是在提交大片文字评论的时候,前台拿到数据之后给后台发送ajax请求,然后后台有一个防止SQL注入的Filter,这个Filter得到这个前台传过来的数据之后,进行合法性校验,如果没有校验成功,那么要跳转到error.jsp页面进行显示错误信息。现在让我们看看怎么实现这个需求。

思路一:请求转发实现

ajax请求

$.ajax({
method:'post',
url:'servlet/DemoServlet',
dataType:'json',
data:{
'userName':userName,
'passWord':passWord,
'text': text
},
success:function(data){
//成功之后的逻辑
},
error:function(){
//错误之后的逻辑
}
});

防止SQL注入Filter

package com.yiyexiaoyuan.filter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import javax.security.auth.message.callback.PrivateKeyCallback.Request;
import javax.servlet.Filter;
import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import net.sf.json.JSONObject;
//过滤sql关键字的Filter 
public class SQLFilter implements Filter
{
public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response,
FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException
{
HttpServletRequest req = (HttpServletRequest) request;
HttpServletResponse res = (HttpServletResponse) response;
// 获得所有请求参数名
Enumeration params = req.getParameterNames();
String sql = "";
while (params.hasMoreElements())
{
// 得到参数名
String name = params.nextElement().toString();
// System.out.println("name===========================" + name +
// "--");
// 得到参数对应值
String[] value = req.getParameterValues(name);
for (int i = 0; i < value.length; i++)
{
sql = sql + value[i];
} 
}
System.out.println("提交方式:"+req.getMethod());
System.out.println("被匹配字符串:" + sql);
if (sqlValidate(sql))
{
//请求转发
req.getRequestDispatcher("error.jsp").
forward(req, res); 
}
else
{
String request_uri = req.getRequestURI(); 
chain.doFilter(request, response);
}
}
// 校验
protected static boolean sqlValidate(String str)
{
str = str.toLowerCase();// 统一转为小写
// String badStr = "and|exec";
String badStr = "'|and|exec|execute|insert|select|delete|update|count|drop|chr|mid|master|truncate|char|declare|sitename|net user|xp_cmdshell|or|like|;|--|+|,|*|/";
/*
* String badStr =
* "'|and|exec|execute|insert|create|drop|table|from|grant|use|group_concat|column_name|"
* +
* "information_schema.columns|table_schema|union|where|select|delete|update|order|by|count|*|"
* + "chr|mid|master|truncate|char|declare|or|;|-|--|+|,|like|//|/|%|#";
*/// 过滤掉的sql关键字,可以手动添加
String[] badStrs = badStr.split("\|");
for (int i = 0; i < badStrs.length; i++)
{
if (str.indexOf(badStrs[i]) != -1)
{
System.out.println("匹配到:" + badStrs[i]);
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException
{
// throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not supported yet.");
}
public void destroy()
{
// throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not supported yet.");
}
}

web.xml配置

<filter>
<display-name>SQLFilter</display-name>
<filter-name>SQLFilter</filter-name>
<filter-class>com.yiyexiaoyuan.filter.SQLFilter</filter-class>
</filter>
<filter-mapping>
<filter-name>SQLFilter</filter-name>
<url-pattern>/servlet/*</url-pattern>
</filter-mapping>
<filter>

分析,ajax请求DemoServlet,然后请求先被防止SQL注入这个Filter过滤器先过滤,然后过滤到的请求参数构成一个匹配字符串,然后检查是否是恶意代码,如果是的话,请求转发。但是很遗憾,逻辑上这个是对的,但是ajax请求是局部刷新的,最后是要回到ajax请求发起的这个页面的,所以请求转发不会实现,我们看下一种实现逻辑。

思路二:返回值进行判断

这个思路的逻辑是这样的:在Filter过滤掉信息的时候,给ajax请求回送一个json数据,然后返回给前台,前台拿这个数据进行判断是否是恶意代码和良好代码。再进行下一步的处理。

ajax请求

$.ajax({
method:'post',
url:'servlet/DemoServlet',
dataType:'json',
data:{
'userName':userName,
'passWord':passWord,
'text': text
},
success:function(data){
//成功之后的逻辑
if (data.mssage!=""){
//执行处理恶意代码的逻辑
}
else{
}
},
error:function(){
//错误之后的逻辑
}
});

防止SQL注入的Filter

package com.yiyexiaoyuan.filter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import javax.security.auth.message.callback.PrivateKeyCallback.Request;
import javax.servlet.Filter;
import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import net.sf.json.JSONObject;
//过滤sql关键字的Filter 
public class SQLFilter implements Filter
{
public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response,
FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException
{
HttpServletRequest req = (HttpServletRequest) request;
HttpServletResponse res = (HttpServletResponse) response;
// 获得所有请求参数名
Enumeration params = req.getParameterNames();
String sql = "";
while (params.hasMoreElements())
{
// 得到参数名
String name = params.nextElement().toString();
// System.out.println("name===========================" + name +
// "--");
// 得到参数对应值
String[] value = req.getParameterValues(name);
for (int i = 0; i < value.length; i++)
{
sql = sql + value[i];
} 
}
System.out.println("提交方式:"+req.getMethod());
System.out.println("被匹配字符串:" + sql);
if (sqlValidate(sql))
{
//传送json数据
JSONObject json = new JSONObject();
json.accumulate("message", "恶意代码注入");
res.getWriter().print(json.toString()); 
}
else
{
String request_uri = req.getRequestURI(); 
chain.doFilter(request, response);
}
}
// 校验
protected static boolean sqlValidate(String str)
{
str = str.toLowerCase();// 统一转为小写
// String badStr = "and|exec";
String badStr = "'|and|exec|execute|insert|select|delete|update|count|drop|chr|mid|master|truncate|char|declare|sitename|net user|xp_cmdshell|or|like|;|--|+|,|*|/";
/*
* String badStr =
* "'|and|exec|execute|insert|create|drop|table|from|grant|use|group_concat|column_name|"
* +
* "information_schema.columns|table_schema|union|where|select|delete|update|order|by|count|*|"
* + "chr|mid|master|truncate|char|declare|or|;|-|--|+|,|like|//|/|%|#";
*/// 过滤掉的sql关键字,可以手动添加
String[] badStrs = badStr.split("\|");
for (int i = 0; i < badStrs.length; i++)
{
if (str.indexOf(badStrs[i]) != -1)
{
System.out.println("匹配到:" + badStrs[i]);
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException
{
// throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not supported yet.");
}
public void destroy()
{
// throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not supported yet.");
}
}

思路三:异常+跳转实现

这个思路的逻辑是这样的。后台的Filter过滤掉恶意注入代码的话,抛出RuntimeException(),然后导致ajax请求失败,然后回调ajax请求的error方法。但是我们错误页面的数据怎么传送过去呢?经过我认真思考之后,我们可以这样做,在session存一个error_messgae值,然后ajax请求的error方法跳转到错误页面,然后进行取值渲染错误页面。

ajax请求

$.ajax({
method:'post',
url:'servlet/DemoServlet',
dataType:'json',
data:{
'userName':userName,
'passWord':passWord,
'text': text
},
success:function(data){
//成功之后的逻辑
},
error:function(){
window.location.href="error.jsp";
}
});

防止SQL注入Filter

package com.yiyexiaoyuan.filter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import javax.security.auth.message.callback.PrivateKeyCallback.Request;
import javax.servlet.Filter;
import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import net.sf.json.JSONObject;
//过滤sql关键字的Filter 
public class SQLFilter implements Filter
{
public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response,
FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException
{
HttpServletRequest req = (HttpServletRequest) request;
HttpServletResponse res = (HttpServletResponse) response;
// 获得所有请求参数名
Enumeration params = req.getParameterNames();
String sql = "";
while (params.hasMoreElements())
{
// 得到参数名
String name = params.nextElement().toString();
// System.out.println("name===========================" + name +
// "--");
// 得到参数对应值
String[] value = req.getParameterValues(name);
for (int i = 0; i < value.length; i++)
{
sql = sql + value[i];
} 
}
System.out.println("提交方式:"+req.getMethod());
System.out.println("被匹配字符串:" + sql);
if (sqlValidate(sql))
{
req.getSession().setAttribute("error_message","恶意注入了"); 
throw new RuntimeException("恶意注入");
}
else
{
String request_uri = req.getRequestURI(); 
chain.doFilter(request, response);
}
}
// 校验
protected static boolean sqlValidate(String str)
{
str = str.toLowerCase();// 统一转为小写
// String badStr = "and|exec";
String badStr = "'|and|exec|execute|insert|select|delete|update|count|drop|chr|mid|master|truncate|char|declare|sitename|net user|xp_cmdshell|or|like|;|--|+|,|*|/";
/*
* String badStr =
* "'|and|exec|execute|insert|create|drop|table|from|grant|use|group_concat|column_name|"
* +
* "information_schema.columns|table_schema|union|where|select|delete|update|order|by|count|*|"
* + "chr|mid|master|truncate|char|declare|or|;|-|--|+|,|like|//|/|%|#";
*/// 过滤掉的sql关键字,可以手动添加
String[] badStrs = badStr.split("\|");
for (int i = 0; i < badStrs.length; i++)
{
if (str.indexOf(badStrs[i]) != -1)
{
System.out.println("匹配到:" + badStrs[i]);
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException
{
// throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not supported yet.");
}
public void destroy()
{
// throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not supported yet.");
}
}

error.jsp实现

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
<head>
<base href="<%=basePath%>">
<title>错误页面</title>
<meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache">
<meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
<meta http-equiv="expires" content="0"> 
<meta http-equiv="keywords" content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">
<meta http-equiv="description" content="This is my page">
<!--
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">
-->
</head>
<body>
<center> 
系统出错了,请稍后再试......
<br />
<br />
<br />
<br />
错误信息是: ${ error_message}
</center> 
</body>
</html>

这样就很巧妙得实现了Filter拦截并友好提示。


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